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Хабарҳо

     Рӯзи 16 январи соли равон дар Институти омӯзиши масоили сиёсии Бенголи шаҳри Калкуттаи Ҳиндустон конференсияи байналмилалӣ таҳти унвони “Амнияти инсонӣ ва дурнамои он дар Осиё” баргузор гардид, ки дар он кормандони Институти Осиё ва Аврупои Академияи илмҳои Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон иштирок ва суханронӣ намуданд.
     Абдулғанӣ Мамадазимов ва Мирсаид Раҳмонов, ходимони илмии Институти омӯзиши масъалаҳои давлатҳои Осиё ва Аврупои АИ ҶТ буда, дар ин конфронс инштирок намуда, ҳамзамон маърӯзаи илмии худро пешкаши ҳозирин гардониданд.
     Дар конфронси мазкур масоили амнияти инсонӣ ва дурнамони он дар Осиё ва ҷаҳон бо иштироки олимон ва мутахассисон мавриди музокира ва баррасӣ қарор гирифт.
    Бояд зикр кард, ки амнияти инсонӣ ё башарӣ яке аз мавзӯъҳои муҳимми ҷаҳони имрӯза маҳсуб меёбад, ки ҳамаи кишварҳои дунё оиди он барнома ва нақшаҳои муҳиммеро тартиб ва таҳия карда, барои рушду нумуи он корҳои зиёдеро ба нақша гирифтанд. 
    Донишманд ва коришиноси соҳа аз минтақаи Осиёи Ҷанубӣ Маҳбуб-ул-Ҳақ аз поягузорон ва пионерони масоили амнияти инсонӣ дар ҷаҳони имрӯз маҳсуб меёбад ва Созмони Милали Муттаҳид консепсияи офаридаи онро чун дастуруламал то имрӯз  мавриди истифода қарор медиҳад.
    Кишвари Тоҷикистон низ мавзӯъро баррасӣ карда, барои рушд ва беҳбуди инсонҳо ва зиндагии онҳо зери сояи сулҳ ва амният ҳамеша талошу мубориза мебарад. Мисоли онро дар баргузории саммити МҲТБО, ки дар шаҳри Душанбе доир гардид, метавон  мушоҳида кард.
                        
     Мавриди зикр аст, ки минтақаи Осиё макони ҳосилхез ва таърихии дорои кишварҳои гуногун аст, ки ҳар яке он пур аз манобеъ ва сарватҳои табиӣ мебошад. Осиё ба қавли Муҳаммад Иқбол “як пайкар обу гил аст”, ки ҳамаи кишварҳои аъзои он метавонанд аз дороиҳои он хуб истифода кунанд ва минтақаро заминаи фарохе барои рушду тавсиаи тиҷоратӣ, иқтисодӣ ва амн табдил диҳанд. Аз ин рӯ, ҳар узви минтақаи Осиё бояд барои таҳким ва суботи он кӯшиш намояд ва талош кунад, то ҳамгироии минтақавии он таҳким ёбад.
    Кишвари Тоҷикистон дар Осиё мавқеият дорад ва хостем назари таҳлиле ба геополитикаи он  бияндозем. Зеро ин кишвар дар бисёре барномаҳои ҷаҳонӣ ташаббускор шинохта шуда, дар ҳоли ҳозир мизбони саммити кишварҳои Созмони Машварати ҳамкорӣ ва тадбирҳои боварӣ дар Осиё  ё МҲТБО мебошад.
Фишурдаи матни суханронии Мирсаид Раҳмоновро тасмим дорем, то барои хонанада, ки он бо забони англисӣ мебошад, пешкаш намоем. 
      Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) and
      Tajikistan role in promoting peace and human security
      By Mirsaid Rahmonov
      Senior Research Analyst of Institute of Eurasian studies
      Department of South East Asia
      Academy of Sciences Tajikistan
     We need to fashion a new concept of human security that is reflected in the lives of our people, not in the weapons of our country. Mahbub ul Haq[1]
     We would like to extend our sincere gratitude to Bengal Institute of Political Studies-BIPS for inviting us to deliver our speech  on "Human Security development process in Asian regions"
    As we know that initially the concept of human security was conveyed in UNDP’s landmark 1994 under Human Development Report named as “New Dimensions of Human Security”. The report introduced a new concept of human security, which equates security with people rather than territories, with development rather than arms. The report also accepted that calculating income is simply not enough to measure the welfare of people.
     Asia region is known for its fertile and attractive land and history. Each state of Asia is full of natural wealth and capitals. It is the region of historians, scientists, scholars and Sufis or dervishes. It is the area where all its communities consist of distinctive body having full of soils and waters as Doctor Muhammad Iqbal pointing out in his poem, "Osiyo yak paikari obu gil ast"…and all its inhabitants can use all these treasures and live in peace and good life and prevent the region and the humanities of the world from all kinds of evils and violence consequently.
    Tajikistan is located in Asia and having countless of histories and customs and traditions. It is the region of plenty of eye-catching land and natural scenes. The country became a sovereign and an independence state on 9th September 1992. After transitory periods of times the country changed its policy and initiated its developmental and strategic plans and programs to promote and save its citizens life and health. Contemporary Tajikistan is now one of the active members of UN mission and other regional and world organizations.
     As a result of it the country contributed in many projects and assignments of the UN programs to promote human development, peace and security in the region and the world. It shares and backs all humanities programs and put its portions effectively and efficiently. The CICA summit in the capital of Tajikistan is one of the country human security contributions. It is good to mention that CICA forum was initiated by Kazakhstan and acknowledged and accepted by UN mission. It has 27 members and its main office is located in Kazakhstan and was chaired by China till 2018. During Dushanbe summit Tajikistan became its Chairmanship for the years 2018 and 2020 accordingly.
    It should be mentioned that Tajikistan during transitory period confronted many challenges leading the state towards ups and downs or uncertain stages. But under the visionary leadership of its selected president Mr. Imamali Rahmon the country could save its people and boosted its diplomatic links with all over the world and became one of the peaceable and stable regions hereafter. Diplomatic enhancement and introduction of Tajikistan to the people of the globe as an independent and sovereign state was very difficult in the earlier transitory period. By use of wisdom and fruitful consultancy Mr.Imamali Rahmon participated in UN Assembly during 29 September 1993 and had speech on significance of peace and security and ripens of communication and diplomatic relations among the people of the globe.
    By focusing on human development and security programs the country attained its mission accordingly and saved its sovereignty and rights meritoriously. The President of the country contributed in many UN programs associated to human security and development. Preventing violence, terrorism, extremism and human trafficking and smuggling are the main objects of the country human development program strategies.
                                                                                               
     Additional to these the ecological and environmental programs and projects for safety and security development of humanity always focus and consider in Tajikistan. For such purpose Dushanbe hosted international seminar in the year 2019 gathering many specialists and experts from all over the world to discuss climate change, the atmosphere and its dust issues and other main problems so. Many of us are well aware that water resources are key component of socio-economic development and environmental recreation of the world and especially Central Asian region. Therefore we must know how to use them effectively.  It is sure that only by ensuring judicious use of water resources, reducing their loss and preserving them for future generations we can achieve our sustainable development goals in the region. Based on this Tajikistan recommendation on appropriate use of world waters adopted in UN GA Resolution on International Decade for Action “Water for Sustainable Development” in December 2016.
     Considering all main human necessities and demands Tajikistan proactively promotes global water agenda and proposes its fruitful and productive suggestions  as   "the International Year of Fresh water", "the International Decade for Action", “Water for Life” (2005-2015) and "the International Year of Water Cooperation 2018-2028" to the UN General Assembly. These are four main strategic recommendations of Tajikistan on water and its advantageous use    to UN and other international organizations desiring to save the life of humanity around the world and help them to live happily and honestly. Therefore the comprehensive practical measures within the new decade are called upon facilitating achievement of water related sustainable development goals and the participation of CICA member states in Dushanbe   in joint promotion and implementation of this time was convenient.
    The country also adopted policy of "open doors" to keep humanity relationship among all counties and communities of the world. By adopting such policy Tajikistan wants to boost its relationship with its neighboring regions and promote their peace and security.
    As we know that peace and security are the valuable items, but regrettably many countries of the world do not enabled by such wealth. All of them try and struggle to have peace and stability, but they failed because of miscommunications and internal mistrust. It is great mercy for Tajikistan and its people that by appropriate guidance of its leader and his wisdom the country achieved its peace accord on 27th June 1997 and became stable and secure region. Its reconciliation agreement confidently adopted as valuable model under UN mission peace projects and programs. All struggles and attempts of Tajikistan is to boost peace and security in world specially Asia and to use its natural resources and bring delights and rapture to its people and communities. It is definite that by proper use of the natural resources all states of Asia can boost their economic and trade projects and plans and develop peace and secure ties among each other's efficiently and effectively.
    New and progressive Tajikistan is peace and stable state of Asia and its chairmanship of CICA for 2018-2020 hopefully bring more human security expansion projects and programs to be invested or used in the development of the region and the world meritoriously. Tajikistan and its Chairmanship of CICA will facilitate promotion of cooperation on peace, security, tourism and improvement of interaction between the countries in Asia. In this context, the country planned activities to broadly introduce representatives from CICA member states to cultural and historic heritage and abundant natural resources of Tajikistan and create a platform to seek for new ways of cooperation in this sphere accordingly.
    Finally we believe and hope that Dushanbe CICA gathering will make it possible for its members sharing experience accumulated during the years of interaction within the states and identify main directions of joint activities on confidence building, security, socio-politics, economy, tourism and further cooperation.
It is good to mention that Dushanbe CICA summit was the source of providing supplementary impetus to achievement of common objectives and strengthening of mechanisms of multidimensional cooperation and greater interaction in addressing hot issues of Asia and the world commendably. Tajikistan peace and human security development approach has large adherents among world states and its policy of  promoting human security through a needs-based approach which means pursuing freedom and nonviolent unity among human beings around the world.
   Sources
  1. Human Security: Concepts and Implications with an Application  to Post-Intervention Challenges in Afghanistan  by Shahrbanou Tadjbakhsh
  2. www.president.tj
  3. Human Security Unit Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs United Nation
  4. Human Security in South Asia: Energy, Gender, Migration, and Globalization by P. R. Chari, Sonika Gupta
  5. Human Security in Asia: Conceptual Ambiguities and Common Understanding, Arabinda Acharya, Centre for Peace and Development Studies, Orissa, India, with Amitav Acharya, York University, Toronto, Canada
  6. Article by Mirsaid Rahmonov on "CICA object is to prevent the region and the world from evils" Payomi Dushanbe newspaper published on 22 June 2019
  7. www.osiyoavrupo.tj
  8. www.jumhuriyat.tj
  9. http://www.s-cica.org
 
[1] International Journal Summer 2001
Последнее изменение Шанбе, 08 Феврал 2020
 

Дар бораи мо

 Институти омӯзиши масъалаҳои давлатҳои Осиё ва Аврупо муассисаи навтаъсиси илмӣ-тадқиқотӣ буда, он бо Қарори Ҳукумати Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон аз 28 октябри соли 2016 №466 дар сохтори Академияи илмҳои Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон ташкил шудааст. Институти мазкур ягона муассисаи илмиест, ки ба омӯзиши сиёсат, иқтисоди ҷаҳон, афкори иҷтимоӣ, забон, адабиёт, таърих, ҷунбишҳои динию идеологӣ ва сиёсӣ, низоъҳои минтақавӣ дар кишварҳои Осиё, Аврупо ва Америка машғул мебошад. 

Самтҳои ҳамкорӣ

  • таҳқиқ ва таҳлили масъалаҳои вобаста ба сиёсат, иқтисодиёт, иҷтимоиёт, тамаддун, фарҳанг ва забони кишварҳои хориҷӣ аз нигоҳи илми муосир;
  • омӯзиши масъалаи рушди иҷтимоӣ-сиёсӣ, сохтори идоракунӣ, сисёсати инноватсионии давлатҳои хориҷӣ;
  • ташкили конференсияҳои илмӣ, семинарҳо ва мизҳои мудаввар дар мавзӯъҳои гуногун;
  • ташкили курсҳои кӯтоҳмуддат ва дарозмуддати забономӯзӣ.
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